The basics: Marjane Satrapi, living in Iran during the Islamic Revolution which starts in the late seventies (1979). Marjane at first goes to a French school and later studies/lives in France (that’s why the movie is in French).
About the Islamic Revolution in Iran: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iranian_Revolution
About the movie: http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0808417/
Map of the Middle East — locate both Pakistan and Iran:
Interview with Marjane Satrapi: